Nova Scotia, Canada

Nova Scotia is one of eastern Canada’s Maritime provinces on the Atlantic. Consisting of a peninsula and offshore islands, it’s home to puffins and seals, and popular for water sports like kayaking. The Bay of Fundy, with its famously extreme tides, is a whale-watching destination. Halifax, the capital, dominated by the star-shaped Citadel, is known for its lively waterfront and Victorian-era Public Gardens.

Popular stops along the South Shore include the the colourful harbourside town of Lunenburg, known for well-preserved colonial buildings, the former shipbuilding hub Mahone Bay and the iconic lighthouse at Peggy’s Cove. To the west, fertile Annapolis Valley is home to wineries and Annapolis Royal, the 17th-century capital of Acadia and site of Fort Anne, where French, Mi’kmaq and British forces clashed. Cape Breton Island, to the northeast, offers a taste of Scottish culture and the Cabot Trail scenic roadway, which follows the island’s rugged coast through Highlands National Park and attracts motorists, cyclists and hikers.

When to visit

New Brunswick’s peak season and warmest period is Jun–Aug. Popular events that bring crowds to the province are Fredericton Frostival (Jan–Feb), the Scottish-themed Highland Games Festival (Fredericton, Jul), the Dieppe Kite International Festival (Aug), Fredericton’s Harvest Jazz & Blues Festival (Sep) and the World Wine & Food Expo (Oct–Nov) in Moncton.