Newfoundland & Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador form the most easterly province of Canada. On Newfoundland island, the Norse archaeological site L’Anse aux Meadows is the reputed settlement of Viking explorer Leif Erikson. Gros Morne National Park, on the Gulf of St Lawrence, has cliffs, waterfalls and glacial fjords. Southeastern capital city St. John’s is known for the 17th-century Signal Hill citadel, with a hillside walking trail.
Other St. John’s sites include The Rooms museum, with a facade that evokes the area’s fishing sheds, and quaint lakeside village Quidi Vidi. Nearby is the Witless Bay Ecological Reserve (home to seabirds and whales in warmer months), the Cape Spear Lighthouse and the East Coast Trail, all of which afford views of icebergs in spring. On the island’s west side are Marble Mountain and White Hills, popular ski resorts. Northerly Labrador, on Canada’s mainland, is mostly wilderness, offering trekking in Torngat Mountains National Park and kayaking on Lake Melville near the Happy Valley-Goose Bay commercial hub.
When to visit
Newfoundland’s peak travel season is summer (Jun–Sep). Floating icebergs are most plentiful off the northeast coast May–Jun. Wildlife sightings include puffins (Apr–Aug) and whales (May–Sep). Popular events are the Exploits Valley Mid Winter Bivver (Feb), a culinary and snowmobiling festival; Labrador’s North West River Beach Festival (Jul), with music and fireworks; Newfoundland & Labrador Folk Festival (Aug) in St. John’s; the Royal St. John’s Regatta (Aug); and the Jazz and Blues Festival (Sep) in St. John’s.